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This section of our website is a collection of online and physical resources for people who are interested in the topic of unconventional natural gas and oil extraction, commonly referred to as “fracking.” If you don’t see a resource listed here or in the Endnote Library, please let us know.

In the event of an emergency, such as a spill or release of hazardous material, including oil, to the environment, citizens are advised to call the National Response Center at 1-800-424-8802.


Endnote File:

  • Download our Endnote Library of Shale Gas Extraction Reports (Last updated June 2014 by Ted Auch).

 Clinic’s comprehensive Landowner’s Guide to Hydraulic Fracturing

  • The document focuses on addressing environmental and health issues in oil and gas leases

Physicians, Scientists, Engineers for Healthy Energy (PSE)

If your are looking for reliable sources of information and up-to-date research related to unconventional oil and gas activities, there are many organizations like FracTracker that provide this service.  Included in this category is the PSE website, Physicians, Scientists and Engineers for Healthy Energy. The PSE website ( includes:

  • Publications focused on public health, climate change, methane emissions, well integrity, setbacks, LPG storage, ethics, policy, renewables…
  • Science Summaries including surface and groundwater contamination, Peer Reviewed Literature 2011-2013, renewables and intermittency/storage technologies/grid applications, public health issues…
  • Presentations on well integrity, renewables as energy security, Fracking 101…
  • A Library of articles on unconventional oil and gas that includes information on air standards, oil depletion, climate change, greenwashing, animal health, ozone, tar sands…
  • Resources, including a link to the PSE Study Citation Database is provided with categories ranging from Air Quality to Economics.
  • FAQs page provides quick answers to some of the questions arising from the misinformation campaign and the confusion of information coming from some media sources.


Testimonials and presentations to regulatory and advisory authorities on various environmental issues associated with drilling. Below are some of their most recent written testimonies and presentations. Contact us to add yours:

  • Ecological Values of the Old Logger’s Path area of Loyalsock State Forest. Presentation by Paul T. Zeph, Director of Conservation, Audubon Pennsylvania – September 2013 – PDF
  • Congressional Energy and Environment Subcommittee, Committee on Science, Space, and Technology – February 1, 2012 – PDF
  • Secretary of Energy Advisory Board Natural Gas Subcommittee – June 14, 2011 – PDF
  • New York Assembly Standing Committee on Environmental Conservation – June 6, 2011 – PDF
  • Prepared for the Pennsylvania Environmental Council for Submission to the Marcellus Shale Commission – May 28, 2011 – PDF
  • Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works and its Subcommittee on Water and Wildlife, Joint Hearing “Natural Gas Drilling, Public Health and Environmental Impacts” – April 12, 2011 – PwPt | Written
  • U.S. EPA Hydraulic Fracturing Study Technical Workshop 3, Fate and Transport – March 28-29, 2011 – PwPt | Written

Please note: We are in the process of redesigning the entire Resources section of our website. If you have recommendations for additions or changes, please provide that information (including the website’s URL) in the comment box at the bottom of this page.

Published Research | Non Peer-reviewed Reports | Argonne National Library Reports

Stay Informed

2010-12 Conferences: Health Effects of Shale Gas Extraction

These three annual conferences were hosted by the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health and held in Pittsburgh, PA. Visit the conference web site to view conference videos and keep updated on the 2014 conference details.

Published Research

To search a more comprehensive database of academic publications, visit Bucknell’s Marcellus Shale Initiative site or CMU’s A Research Guide to the Marcellus and Utica Shales.

Health Studies

See a report or study that should be listed here, let us know!

Non-Health, Peer-Reviewed Studies

  • Weltman-Fahs, Maya (02/2013). Hydraulic Fracturing and Brook Trout Habitat in the Marcellus Shale Region: Potential Impacts and Research Needs. Fisheries (Bethesda) (0363-2415), 38 (1), p. 4.
  • Field Validation of Toxicity Tests to Evaluate the Potential for Beneficial Use of Produced Water.  Conducted by the Department of Zoology, Oklahoma State University. PDF
  • Local Leaders’ Perceptions of Energy Development in the Barnett Shale. By Anderson B, & Theodori G Read more
  • Methane and the greenhouse-gas footprint of natural gas from shale formations. By Robert Howarth, Renee Santoro and Anthony Ingraffea, Cornell University. Link
  • Methane Contamination of Drinking Water Accompanying Gas-Well Drilling and Hydraulic Fracturing. Duke University. Available via Read more
  • Modeling Simultaneous Growth of Multiple Hydraulic Fractures and Their Interaction With Natural Fractures. By Olson and Dahi-Taleghani. Read more
  • The Not-So-Safe Drinking Water Act: Why We Must Regulate Hydraulic Fracturing at the Federal Level. By Angela Cupas, William and Mary Environmental Law and Policy Review. Read more

See a report or study that should be listed here, let us know!

Other Important Reports and Resources

  • Arkansas Public Policy Panel – Series of reports on natural gas drilling in Arkansas – Model Oil and Gas Laws, Regulations and Ordinances  |  Executive Summary | Full Report
  • Comparing Pennsylvania and Texas Law on Ownership and Marital Rights: Common Law v. Community Property—Impact On Oil and Gas LeasingPDF
  • Energy Boomtowns & Natural Gas: Implications for Marcellus Shale Local Governments & Rural Communities. By Northeast Regional Center for Rural Development, Penn State University. PDF
  • Gas Patch Roulette: How Shale Gas Development Risks Public Health in PA. By Earthworks’ Oil & Gas Accountability Project. PDF
  • Impacts to USDWs by Hydraulic Fracturing: Study to Evaluate the Impacts to USDWs by Hydraulic Fracturing of Coalbed Methane Reservoirs. By USEPA. Report
  • In the Shadow of the Marcellus Boom. By PennEnvironment. Read more
  • Lifecycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Shale Gas Compared to Coal: An Analysis of Two Conflicting Studies. By Post Carbon Institute (July 2011). PDF
  • Manual for Private Well Owners – By Brian Oram, PG; Dr. Sid Halsor, PG; and Dr. Brian Redmond, PG, Wilkes University. PDF
  • Marcellus Shale Natural Gas: From the Ground to the Customer. A Study Guide by the League of Women Voters Study Guide. PDF
  • Natural Gases in Ground Water: 2007 U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Scientific Investigations Report. By Breen KJ, Révész K, Baldassare FJ, McAuley SD. Read more
  • Oil Drilling News from Oil & Gas Journal. Read more
  • PennState College of Agricultural Studies: Website offers extensive resources & presentations on topics related to Marcellus Shale Gas Extraction. Explore
  • PPHA Presentations by CHEC Staff
    In 2011, the Pennsylvania Public Health Association (PPHA) held a luncheon talk & a full session on the concerns associated with intense development in the Marcellus Shale field. See below for presentations by Center for Healthy Environments and Communities staff members & affiliates:

  • Will Natural Gas Fuel America in the 21st Century? By Post Carbon Institute. Read more

See a report or study that should be listed here, let us know!

Argonne Reports

The following publications were compiled by Argonne National Library’s Environmental Sciences Division:

  • Water Management Technologies Used by Marcellus Shale Gas Producers: PDF
  • Produced Water Volumes and Management Practices in the United States: PDF
  • Thermal Distillation Technology for Management of Produced Water and Frac Flowback Water: PDF
  • Water Issues Associated with Heavy Oil Production: PDF
  • Testimony of John A. Veil, Argonne National Laboratory, Before the House Committee on Science and Technology Subcommittee on Energy and Environment Concerning: “Research to Improve Water-Use Efficiency and Conservation: Technologies and Practice”: PDF
  • Life-Cycle Thinking for the Oil and Gas Exploration and Production Industry: PDF
  • Trip Report for Field Visit to Fayetteville Gas Wells: PDF
  • Potential Ground Water and Surface Water Impacts from Oil Shale and Tar Sands Energy-Production Operations
  • Exploration and Production Waste Disposal Database: Excel Doc(excel doc)
  • Offsite Commercial Disposal of Oil and Gas Exploration and Production Waste: Availability, Options, and Costs: PDF
  • Summary of DOE/PERF Water Program Review, November 1-4, 2005, Annapolis, Maryland: PDF
  • Downhole Separation Technology Performance: Relationship to Geologic Conditions: PDF
  • A White Paper Describing Produced Water from Production of Crude Oil, Natural Gas, and Coal Bed Methane: PDF
  • An Introduction to Salt Caverns and Their Use for Disposal of Oil Field Wastes: PDF
  • An Introduction to Slurry Injection Technology for Disposal of Drilling Wastes: PDF
  • Evaluation of Slurry Injection Technology for Management of Drilling Wastes: PDF
  • Compendium of Regulatory Requirements Governing Underground Injection of Drilling Wastes: PDF
  • Analysis of Data from a Downhole Oil/Water Separator Field Trial in East Texas: PDF
  • Summary of Data from DOE-Subsidized Field Trial #1 of Downhole Oil/Water Separator Technology, Texaco Well Bilbrey 30-Federal No. 5 Lea County, New Mexico:PDF
  • Update on Onshore Disposal of Offshore Drilling Wastes: PDF
  • Disposal of NORM-Contaminated Oil Field Wastes in Salt Caverns: PDF
  • Risk Analyses for Disposing of Nonhazardous Oil Field Wastes in Salt Caverns: PDF
  • Preliminary Technical and Legal Evaluation of Disposing of Nonhazardous Oil Field Waste into Salt Caverns: PDF
  • Potential environmental benefits from regulatory consideration of synthetic drilling muds: PDF
  • Feasibility Evaluation of Downhole Oil/Water Separator (DOWS) Technology: PDF
  • Costs for Off-Site Disposal of Nonhazardous Oil Field Wastes: Salt Caverns versus Other Disposal Methods: PDF
  • Surface Water Discharges from Onshore Stripper Wells: PDF

See a report or study on this page that should be listed here, let us know!
Please note: We are in the process of redesigning the entire Resources section of our website. If you have recommendations for additions or changes, contact us.